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M24 Chaffee
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"Chaffee! Let's have an exhilarating duel!!"
―Rosehip

The Light Tank M24 is an American light tank used during the later part of World War II and in postwar conflicts including the Korean War and, with the French, in the War in Algeria and the First Indochina War. In British service it was given the service name Chaffee, after the United States Army General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr., who helped develop the use of tanks in the United States armed forces. While long removed from American and British service, it is still found in service as a light tank in third-world countries, along with other hardware from that era. In the anime, it first appeared in Girls und Panzer der Film.

History

British combat experience in the North African campaign identified several shortcomings of the M3 Stuart light tank, especially the performance of its 37mm cannon. A 75mm gun was experimentally fitted to an Howitzer Motor Carriage M8 - an M3 tank with a larger turret - and trials indicated that a 75 mm gun on the M5 light tank development of the M3 was possible. The M3/M5 design was dated though, the 75 mm gun reduced storage space, and the armor was insufficient.

The T7 light tank design, which was initially seen as a replacement, grew in weight to more than 25 short tons taking it out of the light tank classification, and so was designated as the Medium Tank M7. The weight increase without increased power gave it unsatisfactory performance; the program was stopped in March 1943 to allow standardization on a single medium tank - the M4 medium. This prompted the Ordnance Committee to issue a specification for a new light tank, with the same powertrain as the M5A1 but armed with a 75 mm gun.

On October 15, 1943 the first pilot vehicle was delivered. The design was judged a success and a contract for 1,000 was immediately raised by the Ordnance Department. This was subsequently increased to 5,000.

Production began in 1944 under the designation Light Tank M24. It was produced at two sites; from April at Cadillac and from July at Massey-Harris. By the time production was stopped in August 1945, 4,731 M24s had left the assembly lines.

289 M24s were supplied to British forces under Lend-Lease, and two to the Soviet Union.

In Girls und Panzer der Film

Three Chaffee tanks were deployed as scouts in the match against the Ooarai Compound Team. These spent the first half of the match being used as recon tanks by Selection University.

When the battle moved into the theme park, a Chaffee tank fighting at the southern main gate was suddenly left alone when its support was knocked out by Kuromorimine and Pravda tanks. The Chaffee fled into the theme park and took its opponents on a long chase through the streets with the aim of distracting them from the main battle. Eventually Maho Nishizumi saw through to its intentions and broke off the pursuit.

One Chaffee was amongst the tanks that chased the Panzer IV into a hedge maze. When Selection University tanks tried to surround the Ooarai tank, it evaded them, and the Chaffee nearly hit an allied M26 Pershing (crewed by its commanding officer, Rumi) with friendly fire.

When the girls from Anzio were spotted sitting high on the roller coaster tracks, two Chaffees were sent onto the tracks to take it out. The Chaffees travelled through the course in opposite directions and eventually boxed in the CV.33 from both sides, but before they could take it out both tanks were themselves hit and immobilised by Rabbit Team's M3 Lee.

The last Chaffee fought a high speed duel with Rosehip's Crusader in the latter stages of the match. Neither tank was able to hit the other, until Rosehip removed the speed limiter on her Crusader and launched her tank at the Chaffee through the air. The Chaffee was knocked out by a shot moments before the Crusader itself crashed into a wall.

Trivia

Gallery

Main article: M24 Chaffee/Gallery
Tanks ☰ 
Light Tanks and Tankettes Poland7TPFranceAMR-35FinlandBT-42UKCrusaderItalyCV L3/33FranceFT-17United StatesM22 LocustUnited StatesM24 ChaffeeUKMark VIGermanyPanzerkampfwagen IICzechoslovakiaPanzer 38(t)FranceR35SovietT-70UKTetrarchPolandTK TanketteJapan2Type 95 Ha-GoJapan2Type 97 Te-Ke
Medium Tanks UK Centurion Mark IGermanyPanzerkampfwagen IIIGermanyPanzerkampfwagen IVGermanyPanzerkampfwagen V "Panther"United StatesM3 LeeUnited StatesM4 ShermanItalyM13/40UKMatilda IIItalyCarro Armato P26/40FranceSomua S35SovietT-34SovietT-44Japan2Type 89 I-Go/Chi-RoJapan2Type 3 Chi-NuJapan2Type 97 Chi-Ha
Heavy Tanks FranceARL 44FranceRenault B1 BisUKBlack PrinceUKChurchill Mark VIISovietIS-2SovietKV-2United StatesM26 PershingCarro Armato P26/40UKMark IVGermanyPanzerkampfwagen VI "Tiger"GermanyPanzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. B "Tiger II"GermanyPanzerkampfwagen VIII "Maus"GermanyVK45.01 Porsche Tiger
Tank Destroyers GermanyElefantGermanyJagdpanzer 38(t) "Hetzer"GermanyJagdpanzer IVGermanyJagdpantherGermanyJagdtigerItalySemovente da 75/18GermanySturmgeschütz IIIUnited StatesT28 Super Heavy Tank
Self-Propelled Artillery GermanyKarl-Gerät Mortar
Main Battle Tank Japan2Type 10

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