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- "Four Matildas and a Churchill are moving in formation!"
The Infantry Tank Mark II "Matilda" was a British infantry tank that saw action in the early part of Second World War. In the anime, it appeared in a flash-forward in Episode 1, and was first seen during Episode 3.
Arguably the most successful iteration of the "infantry tank" concept, the Matilda was designed in 1937 and mass production began in 1938. Having been conceived for supporting infantry attacking trenches, it sported thick armour to withstand enemy guns and a low top speed; it was decided to fit the tank with an Ordnance QF 2-Pounder gun (optimized for firing on the move, and therefore balanced by the gunner), which had good anti-armour performance but was ineffective against unarmored targets as the gun wasn't equipped with HE rounds (the rounds were designed but never introduced due to the small amount of explosives).
Matilda's first deployment was during the Battle of France during when they performed well being virtually immune to all German tanks and anti-tank guns. They only weapon able to pierce their armor was the Flak 88mm. All the surviving Matildas were abandoned around Dunkirk when the BEF evacuated.
The Matilda tank also served during the North African Campaign against the Italians and later Germans. During Operation Compass, Italian tanks and tankettes were proven to be unable to harm the Matilda which permit British to push the Italian back to Libya. But ultimately the Matilda shows it limits in the desert due to its low speed and unreliable steering mechanism. The arrival of Afrika Korps and their FlaK 88mm guns turned the tide, when during Operation Battleaxe sixty-four Matilda were destroyed. However they had a decisive role during Operation Crusader in the breakout from Tobruk after Cruiser tanks failed to overcome Axis tanks but also suffered heavy losses.
Due to Germans receiving new tanks with more powerful gun and better anti-tank guns, the Matilda became more and more vulnerable to Germans weapons. Several attempts to upgrade the tank were done but all ultimately failed and by Autumn 1941 the tank was phased out due to the arrival of the Valentine tanks.
The tank show limited service during East African Campaign in 1941 where the mountainous terrain prevent it to be as effective as in Egypt and Libya. Some participated to the defense of Crete where they were all lost. Some saw action under Australian service during the Pacific Campaign from October 1943 till the end of the war as the Japanese lacked tanks and anti-tank to threaten Matildas. 918 Matildas served under Russian service as part of the lend-lease program and saw action from the Battle of Moscow in 1941 until 1944. It was found slow and unreliable by Russians, the majority were expended during 1942, some were modified with to give them better grip and redesign the turret to fit a 76mm F-32 gun. A dozen of Matildas were captured by Germans and served under the designation Infanterie Panzerkampfwagen Mk.II 748(e) and were well-regarded by their German users although their use in battle caused confusion to both sides, despite extra-prominent German markings.
The Matilda stoped to have its losses replaced in 1942 and their production was discontinued in 1943 and was slow replaced by the Valentine tank.
In Girls und Panzer
St. Gloriana Girls High School fields four Matildas in their practice match against Ooarai Girls High School. They shot down the already abandoned M3 Lee, Nilgiri's tank was the first casualty with a point-blank range side shot from the StuG, Rukuriri's tank was caught in an ambush by Duck Team but was saved by the inability of the Type 89's gun to pierce the rear armor she then disposed of her opponent. The three remaining Matildas overkilled the Panzer 38(t) in a failed attempt to shot the Churchill, in the confusion Rukiriri's tank was shot by the Panzer IV as the rest of the Matildas with ambush corner shots.
During the exhibition match between St. Gloriana and Pravda vs Chi-Ha-Tan and Ooarai, three Matildas were part of Darjeeling's forces on the golf course. Despite being under immensely heavy fire from all sides, only two Matildas were knocked out, one by the Panzer IV and one other by a Chi-Ha, leaving Rukuriri's tank as the sole Matilda survivor during that encounter. Rukuriri was later taken out by the combined efforts of Duck Team and Fukuda's Ha-Go.
Four Matildas commanded by Rukuriri took part in a training match against St. Gloriana's Tankathlon team, The Chindits commanded by Orange Pekoe and Rosehip. Rukuriri and her tanks were outsmarted by the Chindits and their Tetrarchs and were destroyed.
Little Army 2
West Kureouji Grona Academy is in possession of at least eight Matilda Mk.III. They fielded them during a match against Bellwall Academy for rights to the Commemorative Cup. One was destroyed by either the Tiger or the T-44, another by the Tiger and a third by the T-44. A duo of Matildas were put of order by the Elefant. The three remaining tanks participating to the shelling of the Tiger.
Gekkan Senshado Magazine
It is said that St. Gloriana High School have Matildas Mk.IV but weren't fielded because they're under maintenance.
St. Gloriana High School fielded nine Matilda Mk.III against BC Freedom High School, they lost Nilgiri's one during an ambush in the city by BC's flag tank, a M4A1 Sherman fitted with a 76mm gun. Another Matilda simultaneously fired at the Sherman with the Churchill.
St. Gloriana High School fielded nine Matilda Mk.III against Yogurt Academy, they (again) lost Niligri's tank during the hill ascension trying to locate the enemy. Two Matildas were immediately eliminated by a barrage of fire from the waiting Yogurt tanks when reaching the crest but they locate the enemy's flag tank. The rest of Matildas fiercely fight at the top of the hill.
St. Gloriana High School fielded eleven Matilda Mk.III against Kuromorimine Girls High School. Darjeeling ordered Matildas to bait their opponent's tanks, in the fight Panthers and Matildas shot each others and ultimately all Matilda were destroyed just before the Churchill does.
- The name "Matilda" was inherited from its predecessor, the A11 Infantry Tank Mk.I, deriving from the codename used for the project.
- The Matilda earned the nickname "Queen of the Desert" because of its role in the decisive victory during Operation Compass from December 9th 1940 and February 9th 1941 and its success against the opposing Italian vehicles lacking the armor withstanding a shot from the 2-pdr and the power to penetrate their armor.
- The Matilda in the franchise is labelled Mk.III/IV, whereas this designation doesn't exist. This is due to one Tamiya plastic model kits labelled "Matilda Mk.III/IV" which was not a proper designation but permitted to build either Matilda Mk.III or Mk.IV. The GuP staff might have taken this designation regardless if it existed or not.
More information about the Matilda
- Main article: Matilda/Gallery
|Light Tanks and Tankettes||7TP • AMR-35 • BT-42 • Crusader • CV L3/33 • FT-17 • Harry Hopkins • M22 Locust • M24 Chaffee • Mark VI • Panzerkampfwagen II • Panzer 38(t) • R35 • T-70 • Tetrarch • TK Tankette • Type 95 Ha-Go • Type 97 Te-Ke|
|Medium Tanks||Centurion Mark I • Panzerkampfwagen III • Panzerkampfwagen IV • Panzerkampfwagen V "Panther" • M3 Lee • M4 Sherman • M13/40 • Matilda II • Carro Armato P26/40 • Somua S35 • T-34 • T-44 • Type 89 I-Go/Chi-Ro • Type 3 Chi-Nu • Type 97 Chi-Ha|
|Heavy Tanks||ARL 44 • Renault B1 Bis • Black Prince • Churchill Mark VII • IS-2 • KV-2 • M26 Pershing • Carro Armato P26/40 • Mark IV • Panzerkampfwagen VI "Tiger" • Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. B "Tiger II" • Panzerkampfwagen VIII "Maus" • VK45.01 Porsche Tiger|
|Tank Destroyers||Elefant • Jagdpanzer 38(t) "Hetzer" • Jagdpanzer IV • Jagdpanther • Jagdtiger • Semovente da 75/18 • Sturmgeschütz III • T28 Super Heavy Tank|
|Self-Propelled Artillery||Karl-Gerät Mortar|
|Main Battle Tank||Type 10|