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Type 10

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"Type 10 is the wildest Tank in The World!"
―Yukari

The Type 10 (10式戦車 "Hitomaru-shiki sensha") is current the main battle tank of the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force. It's technically the strongest tank shown in Girls und Panzer, although the strongest Sensha-dou legal tank is the Maus.

History

The Type 10 (TK-X) was developed by the Japanese military establishment in the late 1990s and early 2000s as a replacement of the aged Type 74 and Type 90 main battle tanks currently in service. The prototype was revealed in 2008 and production of the tank commenced in 2010, when the Japanese Ministry of Defense placed a ¥12,400M order for thirteen of these tanks.

The vehicle is armed with the 120-mm L44 smoothbore cannon, built by Japan Steel Works, Ltd whose license-produce Rheinmetall L44 120mm smoothbore and under license-produce of Rheinmetall-DeTec AG. with an autoloader. Secondary armament consists of coaxially mounted 7.62-mm machine gun and a roof mounted remotely controlled 12.7-mm machine gun. It uses Continuously Variable Transmission, and is equipped with active hydropneumatic suspension, which allows it to adjust its stance. The tank can "sit", "stand", "kneel" or to "lean" in any direction.

The most remarkable characteristic of the Type 10 tank lies in its C4I function (command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence). This can be incorporated into the JGSDF network to enable sharing of information among tanks, as well as connected to the infantry’s outdoor computer network “Regiment Command Control System”(ReCS) to facilitate integrated military operations with the infantry troops.

On 4 January 2014, Turkey planned to sign a joint development deal of tank engines based on the Type 10's engine for its own Altay main battle tank, but this was later rejected.

Since Japan has not participated in any military combat operations using this tank, its effectiveness is unknown

In Girls und Panzer

Type 10 2

Ami making her grand entrance

Anime

The Type 10 has only mainly appeared once in the anime Girls und Panzer, when instructor Ami Chōno introduced herself to the Ooarai girls. It parachuted from a transport aircraft, then went on to crushing the principal's car for Ami's grand entrance. It has another cameos as Ami usually sat on top of its turret to watch Ooarai Sensha-Dou matches. Although it's technically the strongest tank in the show, since it's a modern battle tank used by Ami as a soldier of the JGSDF and not a tank that was somehow involved or related to the World War II, it's not allowed to participate in any Sensha-do match according to the rules.

Little Army Two

It had another short cameo in Little Army 2, when the automobile club members Kashiwaba twin sisters decided they would practice Sensha-Dou. They appear in their school's tent right before a match with a Type 10 that they had purchased with their own money. However Emi explains they can't use it due to tanks being restricted to the World War II era. The Kashiwabas were then forced to crew the much smaller and weaker Panzer II.

Tank basic characteristics

  • Armament
  1. Main Gun : 120 mm L44 smoothbore
  2. Other :
    1. M2HB 12.7 mm
    2. Type 74 7.62 mm
  • Armor: Nano-crystal steel, Modular ceramic composite armor, Lightweight upper armor (thickness unspecified)
  • Speed: 70 km/h (43 mp/h), both forward and backward
  • Engine: 4-stroke cycle V8 Diesel engine 1200 hp/2300 rpm

More about Type 10

Trivia

  • The Type 10 is the only modern tank shown in the series.
  • It's called the "Hitomaru-shiki" (Japanese Kanji: 一〇式) literally meaning "One-Zero Type" (One and zero meaning 10). Japanese has many counting systems, however the Japan Ground Self-Defence Force chooses to use "Hitomaru-Shiki" instead of "Jū-Shiki", probably because it is more clearly understood to mean 10. Because the Japanese language has many homophones where "Jū" (Common way of pronouncing "10"), in the military context could just as easily be understood to mean "銃" (Gun), as they have the same pronunciations.
Tanks
Light Tanks and Tankettes Panzerkampfwagen IIPanzer 38(t)CrusaderM24 ChaffeeM22 LocustT-70Type 95 Ha-GoType 97 Te-KeBT-42AMR-35R35FT-17CV L3/337TPTK Tankette
Medium Tanks Panzerkampfwagen IIIPanzerkampfwagen IVPanzerkampfwagen V "Panther"Matilda II Centurion Mark IM3 LeeM4 ShermanT-34T-44Type 89 I-Go/Chi-RoType 3 Chi-NuType 97 Chi-HaSomua S35M13/40

Heavy Tanks Panzerkampfwagen VI "Tiger"Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. B "Tiger II"VK45.01 Porsche TigerPanzerkampfwagen VIII "Maus"Churchill Mark VIIBlack PrinceIS-2KV-2M26 PershingRenault B1 BisCarro Armato P40
Tank Destroyers Sturmgeschütz IIIJagdpanzer 38(t) "Hetzer"Jagdpanzer IVJagdpantherElefantJagdtigerT28 Super-Heavy TankSemovente da 75/18
Self-Propelled Artillery Karl-Gerät Mortar
Main Battle Tank Type 10

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