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Type 3 Chi-Nu

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"Ooarai Type 3, Immobilized!"
―Ami Chouno
The Type 3 Chi-Nu (In Kanji, 三式中戦車 チヌ, "San-Shiki Chū-Sensha Chi-Nu") was a Japanese medium tank, built as a stopgap solution to match the American M4 Sherman medium tank during the planned Invasion of Japan. It never saw actual combat. It first appeared in the anime in Episode 10.


Background

In 1943, the Chi-Nu was developed to replace the current medium tank, the Type 1 Chi-He, as the latter was decidedly inferior against contemporary Allied tanks, and to temporary fill the tank division of the Type 4 Chi-To, which was in development and would be ready only on the last stage of the WWII, thus requiring a stopgap tank to counter tanks such as the M4 Sherman.
Japanese Type 3 Chi-Nu tank 1

Type 3 in Parking lot

The Chi-Nu used the chassis and the suspension of the 'Type 97 Chi-Ha with a larger turret mounting the 75 mm Type 3 'Gun (a modification of the Type 90 75 mm Field Gun), which meant that it had an exposed recoil brake and lacked automatic shell ejection, making it a rather inconvenient gun[1]. However, the low priority of the tank production, and the lack of raw materials postponed its production until 1944, when most of the Japanese factory had been damaged by the American strategic bombing. As a result, only 144 Chi-Nus were built.

Instead of being deployed overseas as older tanks were, the Chi-Nus were redeployed in the Home Islands to meet the expected Allied Invasion of Japan. But because Japan surrendered before the invasion was executed, the Chi-Nu never saw combat action, and thus its actual combat effectiveness is still open for debate.

In Girls Und Panzer

Ooarai Girls High School has a Type 3 Chi-Nu, found in a parking lot by Anteater Team, and the last tank added to tank formation before the finals against Kuromorimine Girls High School. It was being overlooked earlier by Rabbit Team because they thought it was not functional. The Chi-Nu was assigned to the person who found it, Nekota, and her online gaming friends, who become known as the Anteater Team. The short time before the final match however meant that their acclimatization to the tank was minimal at best.

The Chi-Nu's performance in the match was uninspiring. As soon as the match was started, the Ooarai team pushed forward and were ambushed by Kuromorimine's tanks, which had stolen a march on them, and attacked from the forest. Under fire, the inexperienced Anteater Team started to mishandle the tank, as Momoga was struggle to shift the gears. A slip-up meant that the Chi-Nu ended up reversing at full speed. Meanwhile, Kuromorminine's Tiger II, commanded by their vice commander Erika, tried to win the match quickly by aiming at Ooarai's Panzer IV flag tank (Anglerfish team). Luckily, the shot fired from the Tiger II hit the reversing Chi-Nu instead, and saved Ooarai's Force from instant defeat.

Tank Specifications

  • Weight : 19 tons
  • Length : 5.64 m
  • Width : 2.41 m
  • Height : 2.68 m
  • Main armament : 1 x 75 mm Type 3 Gun 
  • Secondary armament :1 x 7.7 mm Type 97 Machine Gun
  • Hull Armor / Turret Armor :
    • Front : 50 mm / 50 mm
    • Sides : 25 mm / 35 mm
    • Rear : 20 mm / 25 mm
  • Engine : Mitsubishi Type 100 Kakyuu V-12 (240 hp)
  • Speed : 39 km/h
  • Standard Crew: 5

Trivia

  • The fact that in the match against Kuromorimine the Chi-Nu is immobilized before firing even a single shell is a nod to the fact that this tank was only stationned in Japan in view of a possible invasion of the homeland and thus never saw combat.

Gallery

References

Notes

  1. Yukari Akiyama's Tank Corner Episode 5 - Type 3 Chi-Nu
Tanks
Light Tanks and Tankettes Panzerkampfwagen IIPanzer 38(t)CrusaderM24 ChaffeeM22 LocustT-70Type 95 Ha-GoType 97 Te-KeBT-42AMR-35R35FT-17CV L3/337TPTK Tankette
Medium Tanks Panzerkampfwagen IIIPanzerkampfwagen IVPanzerkampfwagen V "Panther"Matilda II Centurion Mark IM3 LeeM4 ShermanT-34T-44Type 89 I-Go/Chi-RoType 3 Chi-NuType 97 Chi-HaSomua S35M13/40

Heavy Tanks Panzerkampfwagen VI "Tiger"Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. B "Tiger II"VK45.01 Porsche TigerPanzerkampfwagen VIII "Maus"Churchill Mark VIIBlack PrinceIS-2KV-2M26 PershingRenault B1 BisCarro Armato P40
Tank Destroyers Sturmgeschütz IIIJagdpanzer 38(t) "Hetzer"Jagdpanzer IVJagdpantherElefantJagdtigerT28 Super Heavy TankSemovente da 75/18
Self-Propelled Artillery Karl-Gerät Mortar
Main Battle Tank Type 10

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